Solution looking for a Problem: On 10% Reservations - Editorial

Monday, January 14, 2019 3:30 AM

Reverse Agitation, Solution looking for a Problem: On 10% Reservations

Introduction (Parliament passes Bill to provide 10% quota for economically unfortunate )

Honourable President Ram Nath Kovind has approved the constitutional allocation of ten percent (10%) reservation in two broad categories Education, and Government Jobs. This provision has been given to people from general category who are financially unfortunate or unstable.

Same was cleared by the Parliament Amendment Bill specifying guaranteed assurance of providing 10% quota in Education and Employment to general category, in addition to the approval from Rajya Sabha.

The Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment introduced the “Constitutional (124th Amendment) Bill”, who clearly mentioned that, the existing reservation structure for the Schedule Caste, Schedule Tribes and Other Backward Class will remain untouched by the amendments.

Amendments Added through Constitutional 124th amendment

  • The Constitutional (124th Amendment) Bill amends or modifies article 15 and 16 of the constitution of India. The modification proposed addition of a clause, allowing Indian states to enable accommodation of financially unfortunate section of all category citizens to become eligible for 10% reservations.

  • The Special Provisions, made will stay in the context of Education (Public as well as Private, State Govt. Aided or Unaided). Minority educational establishments or institutions are exception to this amendment or clause.

  • Besides all existing reservations, the “124th amendment” that allows additional “10% reservation”. This is maximum of 10 percent in respect to total number of seats available in each category.

Brief about Clause 6 to ARTICLE 15

  • This gears-up the Government to make available RESERVATION for the FINANCIALLY WEAKER SECTION of the Indian society in "**Educational Institutions/Establishment (Public and Private)**except Minority institutions.

Brief about Clause 6 to ARTICLE 16

  • This provides Reservation for Economically Underprivileged Sections in the starting phase Appointment in Govt. Services.

  • This is Amendment/Update to the Fundamental Right within the Part III of the Constitution of India and it Does not require making it official again.

DPDP of Article 46: About Quota in Education and Economic Interests

Ruling out the entities of the the Bill, The State Policies Directive Principles included in the Article 46 of the constitution of India, admonish State Govt. to handle interest of the underprivileged section of the indian society, into educational and economical situation. Specially promote special attention to Schedule Caste and Scheduled Tribes and protect them from any social injustice and exploitation.

There is a catch, there always is, People applying under Economically Weak are not entitled for the redemption of benefit under reservation.

With the underlying objective to eliminate the gap and Fulfil the mandate of Article 46 and to provide fairplay or equal chance of Receiving Higher Education and Employment Opportunities within states, it has been distinctly made clear-cut. to amend the Constitution of India.

Restructuring the Reservations is the Need of the Hour

  • The sizeable cost of the this amendment can be found in the Bygone Opportunity to develop an Magnified and Successful Reservation Policy so that we can truthfully or honestly witness end to the Traditionally and deeply rooted inequalities within Indian Society in near future.

  • The usual behaviour and getting used to laziness of reservation has divided Indian society into narrow minded and ungrateful individuals within each community regardless of the geographic location within India. It is need of time to look for more effective and subtle solution to get rid of reservations in next 50 years.

  • On the other hand, the concept of “50% Reservation” seems huge number and practically impossible and inefficient.

  • The reservations system instead of finding cure, is found not very effective and appears to be rudimentary in all aspects of the reservations. UPSC mentions that besides reservations, a Majority Proportion of the Reserved Category Candidates/Applicants are unsuccessful in finding place or seat via UPSC examination. It states that if we employ reservations to mitigate the inequality gap in Indian society, then we definitely have to wait for much longer time.

Spread the Benefits: about Alternative Strategies

There are infinite possibilities and options to implement alternate game plan, taking into account, one such policy may be Try and Spread the Benefits of Reservations/Quota system covering everyone Within the Existing Framework.

  • To verify and warrant that, individuals/citizens redeem their reserved category status only once in their entire lifetime.

    • For Example: An individual redeems his reservation status to get admission into college or university (by registering his Aadhar number), thus now this redemption, the respective individual may not apply for reservation during the Employment Opportunity and vice-versa.
    • Making these reservations not transferable to any other individuals.
  • This may not need any changes to existing basic reservation framework, instead the objective should be spreading the benefits more broadly and widely enabling larger masses and families to gain benefits from the reservation.

  • The Alternative Solution could be, to confess.acknowledge the near future economic growth in India shall come from Private Sector and Entrepreneurship. In order to safeguard the future of Indian Society notwithstanding their cast or religion, making them participate (to Benefit and to Contribute) into projected economic growth, then we need pinpoint our focus on Basic Skills Development and Self Employment and Governance.

  • Currently our focus is towards reservations in Admission to Esteemed Colleges and Government/Civil Jobs and no one bother to pay heed to the primary issues of Social Inequality and quality of Elementary Schooling.

  • According to the statistics of Indian Human Development Survey (IHDS), the elementary school children age group08 year to 11 years.

    • Only 68% of the kids of the forward caste or upper cast can read at Grade 1 (Class 1)
    • Only 56% for the Other Backward Class (OBC).
    • 45% Schedule caste (SCs)
    • 40% Schedule Tribes (STs)
  • Remedial methods and measures are required to eliminate the INEQUALITIES, where they are very often emerge, i.e. Within Primary Schools.

Conclusion/Cessation

Even as of today, the Economically Weaker Sections of the Indian society have always remained EXCLUDED from gaining higher education form reputed institutions or educational establishments and their public Employment opportunities due to their Financial incompetence to the rivals who are into better financial situations.

The system of reservation is deeply rooted in the minds of Indian society. This needs a break and proactive participation to think beyond the Reservations Box. Indian society needs collective efforts to demolish pyramid of caste systems and established better framework, the one that work in the favor or equality and fair chance to every individual. The misfortune of the EWS-Quota is that it Devaluate from the this new Out-of-the-box-thinking.

Important Links (External)

  1. Indian Human Development Survey (IHDS) - University of Maryland.
  2. Why The 10% Quota Could Fail The Constitutional Test - Bloomberg Quint.
  3. Reservation for Economically Weaker Sections (EWSs) - Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT).